A chapter titled „Transfer of knowledge about atheism and new religious movements: analysis of religious instruction textbooks in public schools in Croatia“ by prof. Ankica Marinović, Ph.D. is part of the book „Communicating religion and atheism in Central and Eastern Europe. Religion and Its Others: Studies in Religion, Nonreligion and Secularity“ published by the prominent international publishing house De Gruyter, Berlin.
This paper explores how the social context of Croatia influenced the prevailing relationship to religion by taking into account the backdrop of its socialist past. Furthermore, it examines whether processes of revitalizing religion and desecularizing Croatian society after 1990 remain relevant today. In order to detect the specificities of the transfer of knowledge regarding religion and atheism in post-socialist Croatia, legal documents from the 90s which were the basis for the implementation of religious education and religious textbooks for primary school published after the 90s are analyzed here. In the broader context, this article claims one could speak of a double heritage of pre-modernity in Croatia: its Catholic-feudal and communist past (and the war, which every society views as pre-modern). In simplified terms, the first phase produced conservative, authoritarian communist anti-theism, while the second produced an authoritarian, Catholic anti-atheism. Both of them were (and are) associated with the ruling political authorities and influence or at least attempted to influence politics and all aspects of societal action.
Published: July 17, 2020